The craft of perfumery is an essential part of Muslim culture. Arabian perfumes have long been alluring the world with their distinct fragrances and are now synonymous with ancient heritage as well as fine luxury.
With a history spanning more than 5,000 years, Arabian perfumes are steeped in exotic and local traditions. Take a walk down any of the Middle Eastern souks, be it the Khan Al Khalili street in Cairo, the Sikkat Al Khalili street in Dubai or the Frankincense trail in Dhofar and Salalah in Oman, it will surely be one smelly affair that you won’t forget anytime soon.
Frankincense,myrra an aromatic resin, is the main ingredient in making all Arabic perfumes. It grows on small trees and shrubs in Salalah in Oman and Somalia in Africa. Long ago in ancient Arabia, Frankincense was traded for the world’s priciest items. On the Silk Route, Arab merchants loaded this magical ingredient on camel caravans to cross the desert, navigated by stars, on a secret route wading through oases and hiding from robbers. On their way, they bartered perfumes for Bahraini pearls, horses and teakwood from India, Chinese Silks and porcelain and gold from royal courts of the Roman Empire.
Although a Cuneiform tablet in the second millennium BC in Mesopotamia records the earliest use of perfumes, a 9th century Abbasid scientist, Abu Yusuf Yaqub bin Ishaaq al-Kindi, is considered the founder of the Arabic perfume industry. He is believed to have extorted various herbs and plants in his experiments and is said to have produced a number of secret recipes in a variety of fragrances.
In Egypt, many perfumes are blended by hand. Perfumer Mustafa Eldin chooses two to three kinds of ingredients from more than a hundred flower oils and spices. He uses the ancient Egyptian method of crushing the flower petals in wooden pressing machines to extract oil which is blended with spices.
In the United Arab Emirates, manufacturing is done in fully automated mechanised units where, after selection of the essential oils, the perfumes are filled and bottled and packaged by machines, to cater to the growing international demand.
Omani frankincense and specifically the Dhofar Hojri frankincense is considered to be of the highest grade in terms of frankincense, which is due to the certain climate of the Dhofar region and its growth on higher altitudes in comparison to other frankincense trees.
“Dhofar is a great noble and fine city, much white incense is produced here and I will tell how it grows” Marco Polo – 1285
Frankincense is a white resin extracted from the Boswellia tree family with varying degrees in colors which is one of the factors indicating its value.
The frankincense tree dates back approximately 7,000 years ago and has been an important commodity across the world for various aspects such as religion, gifts and beatification and was valuable as gold.
Furthermore its history in the Sultanate of Oman can be seen through the frankincense route which was the trade centre for frankincense that has also been listed in UNESCO’s world heritage list.
The second generation of the Somar family further developed the line with toiletries not only to benefit from the aromatic fragrance but also the health benefits of frankincense.
Redan perfume called Redan proportion to the old name of Dhofar, which was then a thriving port Sumhuram frankincense export to all corners of the globe. The founded of Redan perfume proud because is only manufactures fat and gum extracted from the oil of frankincense but also on upscale and scientific level, which make that product to enter international markets.
RAYDAN takes pride in their work and the details of its products to tend their client’s needs in the same manner that the frankincense tended to the kings of old.
“Luxurious frankincense essential oil & perfumes comes from only one place, regular perfumes can be found anywhere.”